The main aim of having a septic system is to take care of waste water in residential places. Septic systems are designed to collect and treat waste water from properties that aren’t connected to a main sewer hence they are most ideal for rural areas since in such areas the houses are spaced wider apart hence not connected to a main sewer. This waste water is from the domestic activities such as bathroom water, kitchen waste water, and laundry among other domestic activities. A basic septic system is generally made up of a septic tank which is installed underground and a drainage system.
This system of waste water treatment involves utilization of natural means to treat the water that’s is anaerobic processes which decomposes the waste disposed into the tank. Septic tanks are normally comprised of two chambers and a drainage field. The waste water is introduced to the septic system by the inlet pipe into the first chamber of the septic tank and with time it’s able to separate such that the solid matter settles to the bottom of the tank and the oils and grease form a scum layer at the top whereas the somehow ear water is at the middle. It’s after this separation of the different layers of matter that is the solid at the bottom, scum at the top, and the clearer waste water at the middle that another pipe leads the clearer water into the second chamber and later it is allowed out through an outlet pipe which leads to the drain field.
A series of pipes which are normally perforated release the liquid into the soil or the other specially designed systems if they are available. After the clearer liquid has been allowed into the second chamber, the scum part which consists of oily and greasy matter is broken down by the bacterias that occur naturally in the septic systems together with the solid matter . Periodically you will have to call upon call upon the help of the septic system professionals who will view your system and also remove the matter that is left after the decomposition of the solid matter and the scum layer since done matter might not be decomposed by the naturally occurring bacteria in the septic system.
To avoid blocking the setting system, there are certain measures which you can adopt such as avoiding flushing of certain items in the toilet as they could eventually lead to blocking of the pipes of the septic system. Such items which you should avoid flushing in the toilet as they eventually build up and block the pipes of the septic system include baby wipes, baby nappies, medicines, sanitary towels for ladies and cleaning wipes among other things.